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Concepts for holding of Water in Meat

  1. Held water = the smallest amount, strongly held (see Fig. I-4).
  2. Immobilized water = usually the largest amount, somewhat immobilized, and needs to be retained to maximize yields.
  3. Free water = Trapped water in capillary spaces, most likely to be lost, but with a coordinated plan for retaining water, significant amounts can be retained.
  4. At the isoelectric pH (about 5.1), water holding capacity is at its lowest point.
  5. Numerous factors interact in all water compartments.